We have this penchant for naming and numbering things.  Much of it seems to stem from a top-down way of organizing things.  Outlines, numbered categories and sub-categories drive the idea.

So now we have Industry 4.0 .  I don’t know where I’ve been all the while, but I seem to have missed 1.0, 2.0, and 3.0, and possibly all the 2.1s and 3.9s along the way.  But anyway, here it is for your reading pleasure:

“For a factory or system to be considered Industry 4.0, it must include:

  • Interoperability — machines, devices, sensors and people that connect and communicate with one another.
  • Information transparency — the systems create a virtual copy of the physical world through sensor data in order to contextualize information.
  • Technical assistance — both the ability of the systems to support humans in making decisions and solving problems and the ability to assist humans with tasks that are too difficult or unsafe for humans.
  • Decentralized decision-making — the ability of cyber-physical systems to make simple decisions on their own and become as autonomous as possible.”

Google the following terms to understand the difference:
– cyber physical systems (non existent in Industry 3.0)
– interoperability (not provided in Indutry 3.0)
– automation pyramid (does not exist anymore in Industry 4.0)

It seems that there has been evolution in Industry and a whole bunch of people (overseas it seems) who have been keeping track of the taxonomy (or however they might classify it)

So much for my ignorance.  Apologies to the professionals.
 

What Everyone Must Know About Industry 4.0

 
Thanks to Forbes